Info Konformitätsexperiment nach Asch (). Um das Asch-Experiment im Unterricht durchzuführen und zu behandeln, liefert dieses. Gruppendruck oder der Wunsch dazu gehören zu wollen kann mit Hilfe dieses Materials über das Asch-Experiment thematisiert werden. Das fand der US-Psychologe Solomon Asch in seinem Konformitätsexperiment bereits im Jahr heraus. Er ließ eine Versuchsperson einen Raum betreten,.
Konformitätsexperiment von AschDas Konformitätsexperiment von Asch, von Solomon Asch veröffentlicht, ist eine Studienreihe, die zeigte, wie Gruppenzwang eine Person so zu. Gruppendruck oder der Wunsch dazu gehören zu wollen kann mit Hilfe dieses Materials über das Asch-Experiment thematisiert werden. Info Konformitätsexperiment nach Asch (). Um das Asch-Experiment im Unterricht durchzuführen und zu behandeln, liefert dieses.
Experiment Asch Navigation menu VideoSolomon Asch's Study on Conformity Explained
More specifically, Asch's experiment tries to show how humans with totally normal conditions can feel pressured to such an extent that their own pressure leads them to modify their behavior and even their thoughts and convictions.
The Asch experiment was developed by bringing together a group of 7 to 9 students in a classroom. Participants had been told that they would perform a vision test, so they would have to carefully observe a continuum of images.
More specifically, upon reaching the classroom, the experimenter indicated to the students that the experiment would consist of comparing a series of pairs of lines.
Each subject would be shown two cards, one would appear a vertical line and the other three vertical lines of different length.
Each participant should indicate which of the three lines of the second card had the same length as the line of the first card.
Although the experiment had about 9 participants, in fact, all but one were subject controls. Support for this comes from studies in the s and s that show lower conformity rates e.
Perrin and Spencer suggested that the Asch effect was a "child of its time. They found that on only one out of trials did an observer join the erroneous majority.
Perrin and Spencer argue that a cultural change has taken place in the value placed on conformity and obedience and in the position of students.
In America in the s students were unobtrusive members of society whereas now they occupy a free questioning role.
However, one problem in comparing this study with Asch is that very different types of participants are used. Perrin and Spencer used science and engineering students who might be expected to be more independent by training when it came to making perceptual judgments.
Finally, there are ethical issues : participants were not protected from psychological stress which may occur if they disagreed with the majority.
Evidence that participants in Asch-type situations are highly emotional was obtained by Back et al. This finding also suggests that they were in a conflict situation, finding it hard to decide whether to report what they saw or to conform to the opinion of others.
Asch also deceived the student volunteers claiming they were taking part in a 'vision' test; the real purpose was to see how the 'naive' participant would react to the behavior of the confederates.
However, deception was necessary to produce valid results. The clip below is not from the original experiment in , but an acted version for television from the s.
In further trials, Asch , changed the procedure i. In each experimental case, the confederates answered first, and the real participant was seated so that he would answer last.
In some cases, the confederates answered correctly, while in others, the answered incorrectly. Asch's goal was to see if the real participant would be pressured to answer incorrectly in the instances when the Confederates did so, or whether their belief in their own perception and correctness would outweigh the social pressure provided by the responses of the other group members.
Asch found that one-third of real participants gave the same wrong answers as the Confederates at least half the time. De Asch-experimenten zijn in de loop der jaren vele malen herhaald met studenten en niet-studenten, oud en jong, en in groepen van verschillende grootte en verschillende instellingen.
De resultaten zijn consistent met het onderzoek van Asch: een derde tot de helft van de deelnemers gaf een onjuist antwoord in overeenstemming met de groep, wat de kracht van sociale invloeden aantoont.
Bij andere experimenten die hetzelfde testen, waarbij de proefpersonen de antwoorden anoniem konden opschrijven, waren er veel minder onjuiste antwoorden.
Bronnen Asch, S. Effects of group pressure upon the modification and distortion of judgment. Guetzkow ed.
Groups, leadership and men. Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie Press. Het e-mailadres wordt niet gepubliceerd. The experiment is related closely to the Stanford Prison and Milgram Experiments , in that it tries to show how perfectly normal human beings can be pressured into unusual behavior by authority figures, or by the consensus of opinion around them.
For the experiment, eight subjects were seated around a table, with the seating plan carefully constructed to prevent any suspicion. Only one participant was actually a genuine subject for the experiment, the rest being confederates, carefully tutored to give certain pre-selected responses.
Careful experimental construction placed a varying amount of peer pressure on the individual test subject.
The experiment was simple in its construction; each participant, in turn, was asked to answer a series of questions, such as which line was longest or which matched the reference line.
Fig 1. The participants gave a variety of answers, at first correct, to avoid arousing suspicion in the subject, but then with some incorrect responses added.
This would allow Asch to determine how the answers of the subject would change with the added influence of peer pressure. The Asch Experiment results were interesting and showed that peer pressure could have a measurable influence on the answers given.
The control group , those not exposed to peer pressure where everybody gave correct answers, threw up only one incorrect response out of 35; this could probably be explained by experimental error.
The results for the other groups were interesting; when surrounded by people giving an incorrect answer, over one third of the subjects also voiced an incorrect opinion.
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